Home Shroomok - Home Mushrooms Cultivation Consulting

Cooking the substrate for psilocybes

From Shroomok | Let's grow magic mushrooms
< Previous
Next >️
📖
1.How to grow mushrooms at home
2.Stuff to buy for growing
3.Liquid mushroom spore syringe
4.Choose and prepare substrate
👉Cooking the substrate
6.Preparing Jars for spawn
7.Substrate sterilization (before adding mushroom spores)
8.Inoculation without glove box
9.Incubator control
10.Casing of mushroom cakes
11.Cold shock for mushrooms
12.DIY Grow Box. Mushrooms fruiting conditions
13.Start of fruiting, pinhead initiation
14.How to make mushroom spore prints
15.Mushroom harvesting time
16.How to dry and store mushrooms
17.Rehydration of mushroom cakes
18.Second flush of mushroom harvest
19.Third flush of mushroom harvest
20.Fourth flush of mushroom harvest
21.Fifth flush of mushroom harvest
22.Sixth flush of mushroom harvest
23.Disposing of mushrooms cakes
24.Mushroom growing statistics with charts
25.Mushroom growing experiments
26.Mushroom growing conclusions
27.Overlay & Stroma
28.Mushroom aborts
29.Mushroom metabolites
30.Mushrooms contaminants
31.Mushroom candies and mushroom chocolate recipes
32.Mushroom capsules for microdosing
33.Mushroom microdosing
34.Preparing for psychedelic trip
35.How to deal with bad trip
36.Mushroom tea
37.Liquid spore VS Liquid culture
38.Grain to grain transfer

STEP 3. Day 2. Cooking substrate for magic mushrooms

On the previous step you've already chosen grain for the substrate, calculated the necessary volume and made a preliminary preparation by soaking grain in water for 12-24 hours.

You can buy ready for inoculation sterile grain for mushroom spawn, so that skip next steps and move on Inoculation section. Such option can save your time greatly and money for expensive pressure cooker, jars and lids accessories. It's a great option if you just want to try mushroom cultivation with ease.

Shroomok's choice on Amazon:

Sterilized Rye Berry Mushroom Substrate with Self Healing Injection Port - 1/6/12/25 Bags - $9.69

Sterilized Rye Grain Berries for Mushroom Spawn | Quart Jars - 1 Jar - $14.85

Sterilized Wheat Grain Bag with Injection Port - 3 Lb - 1 Bag - $14.95

Sterilized Rye Grain Mushroom Substrate in Injectable Jars - 2 Jars - $29.99

Sterilized Wheat Berries in Injectable Jars with Self-Healing Injection Port and Filter - 3 Jars - $35.99

Sterilized Rye Berry Grain Bag with Injection Port - 3 lbs (2 Bags Each 1.5 lb) - $38.74

Sterilized Rye Berries Substrate in Mushroom Grow Bags - 1 Pound - 6 Bags - $43.95

Sterilized Rye Berry Mushroom Substrate in Injectable Quart Jars - 4 Jars - $53.95

BRF Jars Brown Rice Flour Mushroom Substrate - 6 Jars - $54.95

All in One Mushroom Grow Kits - Sterile Rye Grain and Compost Substrate 5 LBS - 4 Bags - $89.95

Sterilized Rye Berry Mushroom Substrate in Injectable Jars - 12 Jars- $116.00


To prepare the substrate by your own you need:

1️⃣ Whole grain soaked in water for 12-24 hours. Details in the previous section Choose and prepare substrate

2️⃣ Antibiotic in pills (chloramphenicol or any analog) or hydrogen peroxide 3% solution (H2O2).

3️⃣Vermiculite or Vermiculite/Perlite 50/50.

Shroomok's Choice on Amazon:

Vermiculite 8 qt. - $16.18

Organic Vermiculite 8 qt. - $17.95

4️⃣ Teaspoon, tablespoon.

5️⃣ Saucepan with a lid.

6️⃣ Sieve or colander.


Additional substrate disinfection

1️⃣ After soaking, the grain should be thoroughly rinsed several times under running water.

2️⃣ For an extra antibacterial effect add antibiotic pill before boiling the grain. You can replace the antibiotic with a 3% solution of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2).

Antibiotic or peroxide help to disinfect the substrate from pathogenic bacteria and molds. In addition, peroxide is good at preventing of the wheat substrate acidification.

If you use peroxide add 230-250 ml per 1 liter of grain and 1 liter of water.

If you use antibiotic (chloramphenicol or any analogue) add it in the following proportion: 1 pill/capsule (250 mg) per 1 liter of grain and 1 liter of water. Even half pill (125 mg) is enough. The dosage of the pill/capsule is indicated on the blister.

Antibiotic Chloramfenicol for substrate for growing psilocybin mushrooms
Antibiotic Chloramfenicol for substrate


Levomycetin chloramphenicol (125 mg per 1 liter of water)
Add antibiotic (125-250 mg per 1 liter of water and 1 liter of grain) or 230-250 ml of hydrogen peroxide


3️⃣ Shred a pill so that it turns into powder. If you use antibiotic in capsules just open a capsule and use a powder from it.

Grinding antibiotic for substrate for cultivation Psilocybe Cubensis mushrooms
Grinding antibiotic for substrate for cultivation Psilocybe Cubensis mushrooms


4️⃣ Pour 1 liter of clean water into the rinsed grain (1 liter of grain).

Add clean water (1 liter) to the grain
Add clean water to the grain


5️⃣ Add antibiotic powder (125-250 mg) or 230-250 ml of hydrogen peroxide.

Adding antibiotic for preparing substrate
Adding antibiotic for preparing substrate


6️⃣ Mix thoroughly to distribute the antibiotic (or hydrogen peroxide solution) evenly.

Stir substrate with antibiotic
Stir substrate with antibiotic or hydrogen peroxide


7️⃣ Leave the grain with the antibiotic (or hydrogen peroxide) to infuse. We leave the grain for 15 minutes or can leave for several hours, it's not crucial.


How to cook the grain and prepare the substrate?

1️⃣ Put a pot with water, grain, and dissolved antibiotic (or peroxide) on the stove and bring to a boil over maximum heat (or maximum power).

Start to boil grain for substrate
Start to boil grain for substrate


2️⃣ Bring the grain to a boil. Then turn down the heat, so that the water bubbles slightly. Continue to cook over low heat.

How long does it take to cook the grain for magic mushrooms substrate?

Cooking time of grain depends not only on the type of cereals, but also on the quality, variety, place of growth, storage conditions. Countdown of boiling time begins after the water boils:

⏰ Wheat, barley, rye — about 25-35 min.

⏰ Oats, millet — about 10-15 min.

⏰ Brown rice — about 15-20 min.

⏰ Corn and popcorn — about 45-55 min.


Boil wheat about 25-35 min, oats for 10-20 min
Boil grain to prepare substrate


🔴 Make sure the grain doesn't turn into mush! If the kernels are over boiled or if the grain falls apart when lightly pressed, it means it is overcooked. Such grain should not be used. Subsequently, it will become sour and will be taken over by bacteria or mold. It is better to undercook a little bit.

Too much water = too little air = sourness = contamination = trash.

Here's a prime example of overcooked grain that quickly goes sour.

Too wet substrate for psilocybin mushrooms cultivation. Psilocybe cultivation problems
Tenderized over boiled substrate for psilocybin mushrooms cultivation. Psilocybe cultivation problems


🔴 Too uncooked grain is also bad! Then the grain will not get enough moisture and the mycelium will be weak, grow poorly or not grow at all.

Too little moisture = too much air = weak growth or no growth of mycelium = contamination = trash.

Here is an example of too dry grain.

Too dry substrate example for magic mushrooms cultivation. Psilocybe cultivation problems
Very dry substrate for psilocybin mushrooms cultivation. Psilocybe cultivation problems


The grain should be springy, but soft :)

In general, if you see the first grains start to burst, it's a sign to stop boiling. Or if you take a single grain, press it with your fingers and it opens — it's also time to stop cooking.

Grain should remain moderately dense and maintain the integrity of its shell.

If you see a single broken kernel, it's definitely time to take it off the stove.

Such level of cooking should be for any type of grain: wheat, oats, barley, rye, rice, bird seeds, sorghum, millet, corn, etc.

This is what it should look like.

Wheat after boiling. Preparation substrate for growing psilocybin mushrooms
Wheat after boiling. Substrate preparation for growing psilocybin mushrooms


3️⃣ When the grain is ready drain the water from it.

Drain water from wheat (or oats) after boiling
Drain water from grain after boiling


4️⃣ Rinse thoroughly cooked grain under running water.

Rinse grain for substrate for magic mushrooms under running water. Substrate preparation for growing psilocybin mushrooms
Rinse grain for substrate under running water


5️⃣ Laid cooked grain into a sieve (or colander) to remove excess water.

Put the substrate to grainer
Put the substrate to sieve


Leave grain in strainer for 30 minutes. How to prepare substrate for growing psilocybin mushrooms Psilocybe Cubensis
Move grain into the sieve


6️⃣ Leave the grain in this way for 30-40 minutes to let the excess water escape. You can spread the grain on a towel in a thin layer and it will absorb the excess moisture, it will be faster. We usually don't do so.

How to determine if the grain is dry enough. Take a handful of grain and put it on a paper napkin. If the grain does not leave obvious wet traces on the napkin — it's dry enough.

From 1 liter of dry grain after boiling you'll get about 1.2-1.4 liters of cooked grain.

Ready grain for preparation substrate for growing magic mushrooms
Leave grain in sieve for 30-40 minutes


7️⃣ Move grain from the sieve back into the pot and add 200-300 ml (1-1.5 cups) of Vermiculite or Vermiculite/Perlite 1:1. It may be a little more or less, depending on how much moisture grain has absorbed during boiling.

Add vermiculite (or perlite) to substrate
Add vermiculite (or perlite) to make grain substrate

Shroomok's Choice on Amazon:

Vermiculite 8 qt. - $16.18

Organic Vermiculite 8 qt. - $17.95

🔴 Substrate must crumble in hands, be moist, but NOT wet! Optimal you'll find with experience. For now just take a handful of grain in a dry hand. If you feel it is wet, but neither a drop or water on your hand, then it is enough vermiculite. If the grain is wet, don't afraid to add more vermiculite.

8️⃣ Stir thoroughly to have an even mass. As a result, substrate should look like this.

Substrate with added vermiculite (or perlite)
Stir substrate with vermiculite (or perlite)


Why we add vermiculite to grain substrate?

Vermiculite or perlite acts as a drainage. It allows good regulation of substrate moisture. If the grain is wet, it will take away excess moisture. And if in the process of colonization the grain loses moisture and it becomes dry, vermiculite will give the absorbed moisture to the grain. In addition, vermiculite will also serve as an additional fertilizer, because it contains a number of useful minerals.

At this point our grain substrate is ready for sterilization! But before substrate sterilization we need to make one more preparation step — STEP 4. Day 2. Jars for substrate ▶️

Feel free to ask any questions or share your own experience in Shroomok Discord or Shroomok Telegram Chat or in comments to this post ⬇️⬇️⬇️



< Previous
Next >️
📖
1.How to grow mushrooms at home
2.Stuff to buy for growing
3.Liquid mushroom spore syringe
4.Choose and prepare substrate
👉Cooking the substrate
6.Preparing Jars for spawn
7.Substrate sterilization (before adding mushroom spores)
8.Inoculation without glove box
9.Incubator control
10.Casing of mushroom cakes
11.Cold shock for mushrooms
12.DIY Grow Box. Mushrooms fruiting conditions
13.Start of fruiting, pinhead initiation
14.How to make mushroom spore prints
15.Mushroom harvesting time
16.How to dry and store mushrooms
17.Rehydration of mushroom cakes
18.Second flush of mushroom harvest
19.Third flush of mushroom harvest
20.Fourth flush of mushroom harvest
21.Fifth flush of mushroom harvest
22.Sixth flush of mushroom harvest
23.Disposing of mushrooms cakes
24.Mushroom growing statistics with charts
25.Mushroom growing experiments
26.Mushroom growing conclusions
27.Overlay & Stroma
28.Mushroom aborts
29.Mushroom metabolites
30.Mushrooms contaminants
31.Mushroom candies and mushroom chocolate recipes
32.Mushroom capsules for microdosing
33.Mushroom microdosing
34.Preparing for psychedelic trip
35.How to deal with bad trip
36.Mushroom tea
37.Liquid spore VS Liquid culture
38.Grain to grain transfer

Join our community